Mexico: murder rate drops under Peña Nieto presidency
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Mexico: murder rate drops under Peña Nieto presidency

Mexico’s homicide rate dropped by 24.3 percent from the 25,967 cases reported during 2012, according to the country’s National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi).

During 2012, 22 murders were reported for every 100,000 inhabitants, while in 2014 the total dropped to 16 per 100,000, El Universal reported.

During the first two years of President Enrique Peña’s government, a drop of over 20 percent was registered in the total number of murders committed.

According to Inegi, a decrease of 10,448 murders were registered under Peña Nieto from the total reported during 2011 and 2012.

Mexico’s 2014 murder rate is now less than the totals in Honduras (90.4), Venezuela (53.7), El Salvador (41.2), Guatemala (39.9), Colombia (30.8), Puerto Rico (26.5), Brasil (24.2) and Panama (17.2) per 100,000 residents, according to UN studies.

However, despite a drop in the murder rate, abuse against minors is on the up according to UNICEF.

Minor abuse

Mexico ranks top globally in the levels of physical violence, sexual abuse and murder of children aged 14 and under, committed by their parents, El Sol de México reports.

Last year, of the 39,516 cases of abuse against boys and girls, 27,675 cases were confirmed in the Distrito Federal state.

In 2013, Mexico’s Integral Family Development Unit (DIF) received 32,652 abuse claims, of which 18,277 were answered.

According to figures, 2008 was the most violent year for child abuse, with 59,186 cases reported.

The country also occupies global first place for bullying.

In a study from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and the National Politechnic Institute (IPN), between 60 and 70 percent of students in primary school have suffered some sort of violence, be it either psychological or verbal.

Dinorah Pizano from the Human Rights Commission under the Legislative Assembly for Distrito Federal (ALDF) commented that the recently approved law for the protection of children and adolescents will have to “urgently” come into effect prior to the beginning of the new school year.

Crime decrease

Mexico’s National Citizen Observatory noted a drop in crimes committed during 2013 and 2014.  First degree murder  (14.63 percent), kidnapping (17.90 percent ) and extortion (29.54 percent) all noted a drop from the previous two years.

Only culpable homicide noted an increase of 2.35 percent.

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