The United Nations Program for Development (UNDP) highlighted in their annual Human Development Index, that Latin America and the Caribbean should adopt “a more focused work approach” and a space to reduce inequality.
The annual report, presented in Uruguay on Monday, was entitled “Work for Human Development”.
The reportstressed the differences in the workplace in terms of gender or exclusion due to race or sexual orientation and proposes a threefold plan of action to maximize benefits and reduce the risks of increasing gaps.
The first point is a “new social contract” between governments, social sectors and the private sector for everyone to be considered equally, including workers in the informal sector.
The second is a “global agreement” between governments to ensure rights and benefits of workers, while the third point is a “Decent Work agenda” that includes all workers and promotes equality, freedom and security at work level, among others.
“The United Nations Program for Development (UNDP) chose (in the region) Uruguay to present the report because they have “taken a lot of time implementing actions and policies to improve this indicator”, said Denise Cook, UNDP Resident Representative in Uruguay.
Less money for women in LatAm
The UN report revealed that women earn 19 percent less than men and occupy only 27 percent of seats in national parliaments across Latin America.
It also pointed out that in more than half of businesses across the region there are no women occupying a management position, and those that have achieved to do so earn 53 percent less than their male counterparts.
Latin America and the Caribbean have the highest ratio of domestic workers, 37 percent of the world total, which are mostly women.
Selim Jahan, author of the UN study, said in a press release: “We live in an unequal world, with winners and losers”
According to their research, 33 women still die every hour and 800 million citizens are living in poverty around the world, earning less than two dollars a day.
Some 200 million people are unemployed, of which 74 million are young people.
“Vulnerability” of employment is one of the social risks that the UNDP report emphasizes especially this year, as growth in gross domestic product (GDP) has no immediate or perfect translation into greater welfare.
Argentina on the up
Argentina is the country with the highest human development in Latin America. The country jumped from 49 to 40 in the list of the new edition of the UN´s Human Development Report.
Along with Chile (at number 42), Argentina is part of the group of countries with “very high” development. Topping the list is Norway, Australia, Switzerland, Denmark and the Netherlands.
The results spanned over 188 countries.
Within Latin America, Uruguay was at 52, Cuba at 67 (falling several positions) and Brazil at 75.
The worst ranked South American countries were Paraguay (112) and Bolivia (119) which are located in the middle of the world countries listed.
The end of the list corresponds to African countries, the least developed are Burundi, Chad, Eritrea, Central African Republic and Niger.